The world is being transformed by data and data-driven analysis is rapidly becoming an integral part of science and society. Stanford Data Science is a collaborative effort across many departments in all seven schools. We strive to unite existing data science research initiatives and create interdisciplinary collaborations, connecting the data science and related methodologists with disciplines that are being transformed by data science and computation.
Our work supports research in a variety of fields where incredible advances are being made through the facilitation of meaningful collaborations between domain researchers, with deep expertise in societal and fundamental research challenges, and methods researchers that are developing next-generation computational tools and techniques, including:
Data Science for Wildland Fire Research
In recent years, wildfire has gone from an infrequent and distant news item to a centerstage isssue spanning many consecutive weeks for urban and suburban communities. Frequent wildfires are changing everyday lives for California in numerous ways -- from public safety power shutoffs to hazardous air quality -- that seemed inconceivable as recently as 2015. Moreover, elevated wildfire risk in the western United States (and similar climates globally) is here to stay into the foreseeable future. There is a plethora of problems that need solutions in the wildland fire arena; many of them are well suited to a data-driven approach.
Data Science for Physics
Astrophysicists and particle physicists at Stanford and at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory are deeply engaged in studying the Universe at both the largest and smallest scales, with state-of-the-art instrumentation at telescopes and accelerator facilities
Data Science for Economics
Many of the most pressing questions in empirical economics concern causal questions, such as the impact, both short and long run, of educational choices on labor market outcomes, and of economic policies on distributions of outcomes. This makes them conceptually quite different from the predictive type of questions that many of the recently developed methods in machine learning are primarily designed for.
Data Science for Education
Educational data spans K-12 school and district records, digital archives of instructional materials and gradebooks, as well as student responses on course surveys. Data science of actual classroom interaction is also of increasing interest and reality.
Data Science for Human Health
It is clear that data science will be a driving force in transitioning the world’s healthcare systems from reactive “sick-based” care to proactive, preventive care.
Data Science for Humanity
Our modern era is characterized by massive amounts of data documenting the behaviors of individuals, groups, organizations, cultures, and indeed entire societies. This wealth of data on modern humanity is accompanied by massive digitization of historical data, both textual and numeric, in the form of historic newspapers, literary and linguistic corpora, economic data, censuses, and other government data, gathered and preserved over centuries, and newly digitized, acquired, and provisioned by libraries, scholars, and commercial entities.
Data Science for Linguistics
The impact of data science on linguistics has been profound. All areas of the field depend on having a rich picture of the true range of variation, within dialects, across dialects, and among different languages. The subfield of corpus linguistics is arguably as old as the field itself and, with the advent of computers, gave rise to many core techniques in data science.
Data Science for Nature and Sustainability
Many key sustainability issues translate into decision and optimization problems and could greatly benefit from data-driven decision making tools. In fact, the impact of modern information technology has been highly uneven, mainly benefiting large firms in profitable sectors, with little or no benefit in terms of the environment. Our vision is that data-driven methods can — and should — play a key role in increasing the efficiency and effectiveness of the way we manage and allocate our natural resources.
Ethics and Data Science
With the emergence of new techniques of machine learning, and the possibility of using algorithms to perform tasks previously done by human beings, as well as to generate new knowledge, we again face a set of new ethical questions.
The Science of Data Science
The practice of data analysis has changed enormously. Data science needs to find new inferential paradigms that allow data exploration prior to the formulation of hypotheses.